Would you like to change your face? Almost all people would have even some little comments about how they would like their faces to change. Some want to have their blemishes removed; others want to remove their wrinkles. Yet, the truth is, our faces change constantly. We all age because we are all human beings. As we age, our faces change; we develop fine lines, wrinkles and facial scars.
However, with the onset of recent technology, we can cheat time through some procedures which can modify facial aging. One of these procedures is the facelift. The facelift is a popular cosmetic procedure which can give the face a more youthful appearance by removing excess facial skin. Also called a rhytidectomy, the facelift can also tighten underlying skin tissues and re-drape skin over the face and the neck.
This article will explain to you some basic facts about facelift, especially its indications, how the procedure is done, and how to recover from the procedure.
A facelift, as described above, can hide the effects of aging on the skin by removing excess skin and wrinkles. This procedure can remove excess skin on the face, neck, chin and forehead. It also smoothens out the skin and tightens the tissue under it. Both men and women can undergo this procedure either for cosmetic reasons or medical reasons (such as reconstruction of the face). It is best that you visit your plastic surgeon so that he or she may assess you regarding the method of facelift which you will undergo.
An ideal candidate for facelift surgery should be those between the ages of 40 and 70 years old, although some doctors would say that some people above the age of 70 or under the age of 40 can still undergo facelifts. Your suitability for a facelift also depends on your medical condition and your face (including your bones, muscles and skin). Your skin should have enough elasticity and flexibility for best results. This is because a facelift removes the excess skin and pulls tight the skin which is left.
People with loose skin over the face or neck are also good candidates for facelifts. During a facelift, this loose, excess skin is removed and the rest is tightened. A good candidate for facelift should also have a strong bone structure that can support the procedure. Those with weaker bones are advised facial implantation instead of facelifts.
There is also a difference when considering male candidates for facelifts. This is because males have more blood cells in the face than women do; thus men are more likely to have blood clotting after surgery. Your doctor may explain this to you sand may also do things to avoid this complication.
So what happens during a facelift? A facelift involves the creation of an incision that follows the hairline. This incision is done from the temple towards the curves behind the ears and underneath towards the back of the ear and returning to the hair. For patients with sagging of the jaw, the doctor may extend the incision under the chin to correct this defect. After the incision is done, the skin is then lifted, pulled back and excess skin is trimmed away to prevent it from overlapping. Excess fat is also removed.
After this, the muscles are tightened. The skin is then reattached to the site where the incision was made through stitches or clips. All these are under anesthesia so that you will feel minimal pain. Incisions are done so that there is minimal scarring with the procedure. The scars are well-hidden behind the ears and in the hair so that it is not much visible.
After the procedure, the patient may be advised to stay in the hospital for one to two days depending on the type of procedure done. Aside from the technique mentioned above, your doctor may opt to do keyhole surgery. Keyhole surgery is a procedure which uses an endoscope, a small instrument with a light and a small camera on its end.
The endoscope is passed on a small incision of the skin so that the surgeon will be able to view skin tissues on a TV screen to where the endoscope is attached. This method will result to smaller scars because of more visibility. Another procedure which creates small scars is the MACS, or Minimal Access Cranial Suspension, in which smaller incisions are done in the temple and front of the ears. These incisions are then stitched with permanent stitches.
After the procedure, you will recover according to your overall health status. If you do not have any medical problems, expect recovery to be fast. Patients typically may go back to their daily activities in one to two days after the procedure, as long as they do not do any vigorous activity within one week after the procedure. Full activity or work may be resumed after three weeks, and exercise may be resumed after six weeks.
After the procedure, your face may be tightly wrapped up in bandages around the ears and over the head. These bandages may remain for a couple of days until the doctor removes them. In some cases, there may be plastic tubes that drain blood and fluids into a bag. There may also be bruising and minimal swelling on the face. To minimize swelling, you should keep your head elevated. Plastic tubes may be removed after 5 days and metal clips may be taken away after two weeks.
After the procedure you should visit your doctor for checkups every now and then. If you experience any disturbing symptoms during recovery, it is best that you contact your doctor even if it is not yet the time for your scheduled checkup. Full recovery may typically be experienced between two to three weeks, depending on your health status before your surgery.